Seven Kings Muslim Educational Trust

I have a question regarding nocturnal emission…..

Question:

Salam, I would like to remain anonymous. I have a question regarding nocturnal emission. Can you please tell me for which one would it be Fardh (incumbent) upon an individual to perform Ghusl (Bathing) and for which one would Wudhu (ablution) alone be sufficient. Thank you.

 

Answer:

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

Besides urine, their are three other liquids which can also come out of one’s private parts:

  1. Madhi (pre-coital fluid)- This is a thin clear liquid which is discharged at the time of arousal without ejaculation. Depending on the circumstance, it shall necessitate either ghusl (bathing) or wudhu (ablution).
  1. Mani (Sperm) is a white thick fluid which is discharged at the time of ejaculation. This necessitates ghusl on emission.
  1. Wadi is a white cloudy thick fluid which has no smell and is discharged either before or after urinating. This necessitates wudu on emission. (Hashiat Tahtawi p.100)

Generally there are two emissions [wetness] a person may observe on awakening which will render Ghusl (Bathing) Wajib (necessary).

  1. Mani (sperm):

An emission of a thick white fluid normally at the time of intercourse or at the time of a wet dream.

  1. Mazi (pre-coital fluid):

An emission of a thin white fluid before intercourse at the time of foreplay.

We catalogue hereunder the different cases of Mani and Mazi a person may experience upon awakening, along with their respected rulings:

Wetness experienced upon awakening Dream Ruling
1. Mani (Sperm) Dream seen Ghusl Necessary
2. Mazi (pre-coital fluid) Dream seen Ghusl Necessary
3. Mani (Sperm) No Dream seen Ghusl Necessary
4. Mazi (pre-coital fluid)) No Dream seen Wudhu Necessary
5. In Doubt- Whether Mani or Mazi Dream seen Ghusl Necessary
6. In Doubt- Whether Mani or Mazi No Dream seen Ghusl Necessary

Example 1: A person wakes up and is confident that the emission is Mani (Sperm) and he also remembers seeing a dream which aroused him, then in this case Ghusl (bathing) will be necessary.

Example 2: A person wakes up and is confident that the emission experience is Madhi (pre-coital fluid) and also remembers seeing a dream which aroused him, then in this case Ghusl (bathing) will also be necessary.

Example 3: A person wakes up and is confident that the emission experienced is Mani (Sperm), but he does not remember seeing a dream. Then in this case Ghusl (bathing will still be necessary).

Example 4: A person wakes up and is confident that the emission is Mazi (Pre-coital fluid) and he does not remember seeing a dream which arouses him, then in this case Wudhu be necessary.

Example 5: A person awakens and notices wetness but is unsure whether the emission is Mani (Sperm) or Mazi (Pre-coital fluid), but is confident that he experienced a dream which aroused him then in this case Ghusl (Bathing) will be necessary.

Example 6: A person awakens and notices wetness and is again unsure whether the emission is Mani (Sperm) or Mazi (Pre-coital fluid), and this time knows he had not experienced any dream then still in this case ghusl (Bathing) would be necessary.

 

The jurists have said if you are not sure whether the liquid is Mani (Sperm) or Madhi (Pre-coital fluid) then it is still obligatory to perform a ghusl.

Sayyidinah Aaisha Radiallahu Anha relates that the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam was asked about a man who finds wetness (semen from ejaculation) but does not remember having a wet dream.

So He, Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said, “He must perform ghusl”

and he was asked about a man who thinks he had a wet dream but finds not wetness.

So He Sallallahu Alayhi Wasalam said: “he does not have to perform ghusl.”

So Umm Sulaim Radiallahu Anha asked, if a woman finds wetness, does she have to perform ghusl? He said; yes, women are the partners of men.” (Sunan Abi Dawud p.35 v.1)

And Allah Knows Best

[Mufti] Suhail Ilyas

Imam Seven Kings Masjid

London, UK